Chewing and biting not only help you eat your food, but they also stimulate bone growth in your teeth and jaw. However, if you no longer have a natural tooth, it can lead to bone loss. The absence of natural teeth can cause the surrounding bone to resorb and decompose. As a result, we can experience bone loss in teeth.
Bone Loss in Teeth Symptoms
Dental bone loss comes with a few symptoms that will help you identify the issue. These include:
- Teeth become loose and start moving
- Swelling and bleeding in gums
- Experiencing sharp or agonizing pain
- Tooth Sensitivity
- A foul odor on your breath
- Receding gums or gums look like they are pulling back from the teeth
- Gaps forming in your teeth
What Causes Bone Loss in Teeth?
Tooth bone loss can occur for several reasons, which include:
1 – Tooth Extraction
You might need to go under tooth extraction. Though it might eliminate other dental issues, it can lead to bone loss in teeth if you do not get a replacement. The reason for this is that tooth extraction removes the source of stimulation for bone growth. Thus, the absence of the natural tooth affects the area, and dental bone loss starts in that region of the jawbone.
2 – Gum Disease
Your gums and teeth remain healthy as long as you stick to your oral hygiene. Neglecting your oral care can have terrible consequences. For instance, the sticky plaque on your teeth’s surface hardens into a porous substance, namely tartar. As a result, your gums get red, swollen, and inflamed. In addition, you might also notice bleeding, which can signify gingivitis. Gradually, gum disease starts deteriorating the gum tissue and tooth bone. You will notice loosely attached teeth, which is never a good sign. In other words, gum disease and infections are also possible culprits of bone loss in teeth.
3 – Trauma or Injury
Athletes are vulnerable to jaw fractures or chipped, broken, and cracked teeth. Other than this, anyone can get injuries due to a trauma or accident. An impact on your tooth that knocks it out can contribute to bone loss. Since your tooth will not be in its place anymore, that area will not receive the sufficient stimulation needed for bone growth.
4 – Misalignment of Teeth
Many factors can affect the chewing and biting function of your teeth. These include wisdom tooth eruption, TMJ, or regular wear and tear of teeth. Moreover, these factors can also misalign your teeth, which reduces direct stimulation. Hence, misaligned teeth can be the reason behind bone loss in teeth.
5 – Denture or Bridgework
Dentures are a prosthetic tooth replacement option; they depend on the existing bone structure to secure them. They are positioned on top of the gum line, failing to provide the stimulation. As a result, denture wearers might face trouble speaking and eating if the bone starts to resorb. Therefore, dentures can cause dental bone loss.
Comparatively, bridgework-supported dentures use adjacent teeth, which helps your tooth bone receive adequate stimulation. Still, the area where the bridge spans have no natural teeth. This can become a potential reason behind bone loss in teeth if not treated on time.
Some treatment options for tooth bone loss include:
- Scaling & Root Planing
- Flap Surgery
- Soft Tissue Grafts
- Bone Graft
- Guided Tissue Regeneration
- Tissue-Stimulating Proteins
Many factors contribute to bone loss in teeth. Your dentist will inspect the condition of your mouth and suggest a suitable treatment. Some lifestyle changes like proper oral care might help prevent this condition. If you suspect dental bone loss, contact a reputable dentist like our experts at Hermann Parks Smiles. Dial (713) 522-1717 to contact us now.